Results of helminthological examinations of wild hoofed animals after using the praparation ivirsalt at nematodosis (National Park «Losiny Ostrov», Moscow)

Russian Journal of Parasitology
Article history:
Received 06.11.2014
Accepted 14.01.2015
Link t full russian text
Download PDF format

Results of helminthological examinations of wild hoofed animals after using the praparation ivirsalt at nematodosis (National Park «Losiny Ostrov», Moscow)

N. A. Samoylovskaya
All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Fundamental and Applied Parasitology of Animals and Plants named after K. I. Skryabin, 117218, Russia, 28 B. Cheremushkinskaya St., e-mail:


As the test objects served elks and dappled deer infested with helminthes. The purpose of this work is to study the efficacy of a new antiparasitic drug Ivirsalt used for prevention measures against helminths in wild hoofed animals. The therapeutic efficacy of new anthelmintic drug Ivirsalt used for treatment of nematodosis in wild hoofed animals was tested on 120 dappled deer, 7 elks and 1 roe deer in national Park «Losiny Ostrov». Ivirsalt are briquettes (licks) with a mass of 5 kg containing the active ingredient ivermectine and sodium chloride in the proportion 0,1 : 99,9. Salt lick briquettes were put in the feed-troughs on feeding places and saline soils based on the average daily salt consumption. The preparation was given with-in 14 days taking into account that the animals approach salt lick briquettes not less that 1 time a week. To determine the efficacy of preparation by the method of coproscopy the fecal samples are collected before and every 10 days after distribution of salt lick briquettes. Standard life-time and post-mortem helminthological examinations of animals (coproovoscopy, K. I. Skryabin method of full post-mortem helminthological examination, 1928) are used. The research results show that the intensity of gastrointestinal nematode infections in dappled deer aged 1,5 to 3 years has decreased by 5,4 times, in deer older by 3 years – by 3,1 times.
Keywords: specially protected natural sites of Russia, elks, dappled deer, roe deer, helminthosis, salt lick briquettes, anthelmintic, Ivirsalt, treatment, efficacy.


1. Kotel’nikov G. A. Diagnostika gel’mintozov zhivotnyh [Diagnosis of helminthosis in animals]. Moscow: Koloss, 1974, 240p.

2. Migacheva L. D., Kotel’nikov G. A. Reklamatsii Gosagroproma SSSR po vnedreniyu dostizheniy nauki i praktiki v proizvodstvo [Claim reports of State Agricultural Committee of the USSR on implementation of achievements of science and practice into production].Moscow, 1987, No 6, pp. 85–87.

3. Samoylovskaya N. A. Parazitologicheskiy monitoring lesnyh ugodiy natsional’nogo parka «Losinyy ostrov» [Parasitological monitoring of forests ranges in national Park «Losiny Ostrov»]. SPb, 2012, No. 4/1, pp. 44–46.

4. Samoylovskaya N. A. Osnovy profilaktiki parazitarnyh bolezney u dikih zhivotnyh [Basis of prevention parasitic disease in wild animals]. «Materialy Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii «Ekologicheskie problemy ispol’zovaniya prirodnyh i biologicheskih resursov v sel’skom hozyaystve». Ekaterinburg, 2012, рр. 199–201.

5. Samoylovskaya N. A. Faktory, vliyayushie na formirovanie parazitofauny u dikih kopytnyh v lesnyh ekosistemah Tsentral’nogo regiona Rossii [Factors affecting the formation of parasite fauna in wild hoofed mammals in forest ecosystems of Central region of Russia]. Moscow, 2014,  Iss.1, рр. 40–44.

6. Aguirre A. A., Brojer C., Morner T. Descriptive epidemiology of roe deer mortality in Sweden. J. of Wildlife Diseases, 1999, V. 35 (4), рр. 753–762.

7. Anderson R. C. The Superfamily Metastrongiloidea In Nematode parasites of vertebrates. Their development and transmission . CABI Publishing, New York. New York, 2000, рр.129–147.

8. Appleyard G. D., Kutz S. J., Asmundsson I. M. et al.Serendipitous discovery of a novel protostrongylid (Nematoda: Metastrongyloidea) in caribou (Rangifer tarandus), muskoxen (Ovibos moschatus) and moose (Alces alces) from North America by DNA sequence comparisons.  Canad. J. of Zoology, 2007, V. 85, рр. 1143–1156.

9. Brent R. L. Definition of a teratogen and the relationship of teratogenicity to carcinogenicity. Teratol, 1986, V. 34, N 3,  рр. 359–360.

10.  Campbell W. C., Benz G. W. Ivermectin: a review of efficacy and safety. J. Vet. Pharmacol. and Therap, 1984, V. 7, N 1, рр.1–16.

11.            Campbell W. C. Ivermectin and abamectin. Springer-Verlag. – 1989.

12.            Khera K. S. Material toxicity – a possible factor in fenal malformation in mice. Teratol, 1984, V. 29, N 4, рр. 411–416.

13. Kotrlý A., Kotlrá–Erchardová B. Helmintofauna kamsicakorcheho (Rupicapra rupicapra) z useniku a luzichychhor v CSR. Vyz. Ustav Lesnihohospod. myshiv. Zbraslav, 1970, рр. 61–77.

14.            Lankas G. R., Gordon L. R. Toxicology in ivermectin and abamectin. Edit. W. C. Campbell, 1989, рр. 89–113.

15.            Martin R. I., Pennington A. J. Ivermectin induces cation channels in isolated patches of Ascaris muscle. J. Physiol.,1989, P. 83.

16. Samoylovskaya N. A. Parasite infection of elks in natural areas of Central region of Russia. ICOPA XIII. – Mexico, 2014. – P. 84. 

http: //¤tFilter=1107

17. Samoylovskaya N. A.  Ecology of  parasites of  wild ruminants in natural areas of preferential protection («Losiny Ostrov» national park, Moscow, Russia). Australian Soc. for Parasitol. 50th Anniversary Conference, 2014, P. 73.

18. Samoylovskaya N. A., Uspenskiy A. V., Gorohov V. V. et al. Influence factors on infection with Taenia hydatigena, larvae of wild ruminants in the National Park «Losiny Ostrov» («Elk Island»), Moscow, Russia. The Am. Assoc. of Vet. Parasitol. (AAVP) will hold the 59-th Annual Meeting on July 26–29th 2014 in Denver, CO, 2014, рр. 90–91.

19. Samoylovskaya N., Uspenskiy A., Maklakova L. et al. Parasite infection of elks in areas of park  «Losiny ostrov»,  Moscow, Russia . Brit. Soc. For Parasitol.  «BSP Autumn Symposium 2014 – Disease Ecology – ecosystems, wildlife and human health», 17–18 September at the University of  Salford’s Media City Campus.

20. Wilson J. G. Environmental chemicals.  In: Handbook of therapy, 1977, 410р.

© 2015 The Author(s). Published by All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of  Fundamental and Applied Parasitology of Animals and Plants named after K.I. Skryabin. 
This is an open access article under the Agreement of 02.07.2014 (Russian Science Citation Index (RSCI)) and the Agreemnt of 12/06/2014 (CABI org / Human Sciences section)